Learning is one of the most important mental functions available to humans and is influenced by several factors: The previous experience or knowledge: since to be able to learn we will use comprehension (vocabulary), conceptual (organise, choose, etc.), repetitive (recite, copy, etc.) and exploratory (experimentation) techniques.
The medium that surrounds the subject that includes values and principles that one learns from the family or the society at large. The stimulus to learn that is closely related to fulfilment refers to wanting to learn and is also limited by the personality and determination of each person. Intelligence is important as one must have the necessary intellectual abilities to be able to deal with this new knowledge.
In the ancient times, human beings started to learn and teach impulsively and as a drive to survive and acclimatize to the surroundings. They had to learn in order to cope with the dangers that their environment presented before then, they needed to learn to explore their environment to get water, food and shelter, as well as learn to position him to get back to his original location or home once the food has been searched and acquired.
As the time went by, they created guided courses and teaching that can be disseminated. From hunting and gathering, the knowledge mounted and also the occupations started to increase. Therefore, there were different new areas now that gave rise to the concept of subjects, and later there were topics and subtopics within the subjects. All this has systematically helped to form the current educational system that we have.
Within those, there are many subjects under science that study about ‘how we learn’:
Neuropsychology: It studies the effects that an injury, impairment or abnormal functioning in the structures of the central nervous system have on the mental, psychological, emotional and individual behaviour processes.
Educational psychology: It analysis the ways of learning and teaching, the effectiveness of educational interventions in order to improve the process, the application of psychology to these purposes and the application of the principles of social psychology in those organizations whose purpose is to instruct.
Anthropology: collects the peculiarities of each stage of human development regarding learning refers
Pedagogy: studies education aimed at children with the intention of organizing it to meet certain ends, established from what is desirable for society and the type of citizens who want to form.
The Andragogy: It includes the set of teaching techniques aimed at educating adults.
The current changing environment in which we live forces us to be continuously acquiring new knowledge, assimilate new techniques, skills, ways of doing things by familiarizing ourselves with new technologies, interacting with people from different cultures in a globalized world or confronting the problems of competitiveness and differentiation of organizations if we refer to the world of work.
For them, in addition to the education we receive, we need to have mechanisms that allow us to correctly assimilate these lessons. And this is where the concept of learning to learn takes great importance.
What do we mean when we talk about learning to learn?
It is present to the opportunity or a choice that we get each day to see things in a new way, to see the world from someone else’s point of view, to unlearn something that we have learned and relearn it, it is a sign of humility and readiness to act and live many new things.
Some of the things that can help us achieve this are:
Acquire strategies and thinking skills that allow you to relate new knowledge with previous knowledge to build a new knowledge applicable in different contexts.
Learn to see reality, the distinctions of the self and the others to make transformative changes.
Make an intellectual effort to make sense of cognitive abilities, discover the principles, rules, glossaries, methods, which are usually hidden in large amounts of facts of daily life. The key to do so is to look inside for the insights and what is at play in your life at different times and moments.
Learn to take all the good things that life give you and use them for your benefit and the benefit of others. Learn to look at the good qualities in each and everything, even if you do not like something. Take those good things and use them in your life.
Develop a series of skills and attitudes to optimize the styles for the acquisition and solution of other evolutionary processes for continuous improvement as a unique, free, creative, critical and reflective person.
Make sure that the acquired knowledge is meaningful, in such a way that you can use it effectively and know where to apply it when you need it so that it is relevant to your life.
Giving yourself the intellectual, emotional and psychological tools that allow you to learn the concept, form and feel of the outside world.
Discover, create and invent the means that allow you to continue with the processes of assimilation and intellectual accommodation regularly, not only for the school going children but all of us.
Find the way to understand, analyse and learn things from unknown people by the means that are convenient, comfortable or easier.
Be aware of how you learn, of the mechanisms you are using, of which are the most effective ways to learn. It means to check to see the kind of learner you are.
There is no doubt that having this competence can help us a lot in our personal and professional development, but the most important thing is that being aware of it makes us improve our way of living. You can only use something when you are present to it or consistently feel its presence.
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